What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis is gum infection with different of damage intensity (severity) to the soft tissue and the bone around your teeth which can cause teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss.


Healthy gingivae (gums) are firm and pale pink.

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis can include:

  • Swollen or puffy gingiva
  • Shiny red or purplish gingival tissues
  • Tenderness to touch
  • Spontaneous or easy bleeding on gentle touch
  • Gingiva pull away from your teeth (recede)
  • New spaces between teeth
  • Pus from gingiva
  • Mouth bad oder
  • Losen dentition
  • Pain upon eating
  • Bite changes noticed with teeth occlude against each other

Risk factors

Factors that can increase your risk of periodontitis include:

  • Gingivitis
  • Genetics
  • Older age
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes, i.e. pregnancy or menopause
  • Bad oral health habits
  • Obesity
  • Vitamin C deficiency and inadequate nutrition
  • Dry mouth caused by certain medication
  • Decreased immunity, i.e. leukemia, HIV/AIDS
  • Certain diseases, i.e. diabetes and Crohn’s disease


  • Good oral hygiene.  Brushing your teeth for two minutes at least twice daily and flossing at least once a day.
  • Regular dental visits. Regular visits for cleanings, usually every six to 12 months. In some cases it can be every 3-4 months to prevent more periodontal breakdown in previously periodontally diseased patients to prevent relapse.

Cases were treated in our center